2018-02-02 15:13:21
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2018-01-08 14:46:10
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How to speak on politics


                                             How to speak on politics


First of all select an interesting newspaper article capable of arresting attention of both your teacher and fellow students. Underline all the important facts and details along with necessary English lexical means.

Then plan your own report arranging it in 3 basic parts.


First Introductory


In your opening sentence you should mention the newspaper, weekly, magazine or Internet site where it comes from and state the problem (or fact) it covers.


For example: While reading up for today’s class I came across an interesting item in The Sun examining domestic violence in the UK. Or: Yesterday while looking through the newspaper my attention was caught by a review in The Guardian, giving a thorough analysis of what kind of activities the employees are engaged in during their working hours.


Mind that the English reporting tradition suggests giving the most shocking or controversial fact or idea in the opening part of the article. Use this approach in your report and no doubt you will have the attention of the audience all through to the end.


You can call an article: an item, a news report, a review, a commentary, a survey (depending on the contents) or a clipping, if you have cut it out.


The accompanying verbs could be: describes, points out, touches upon, emphasizes, comments on, deals with, highlights, stresses, examines, studies, outlines, underlines, features, looks at, presents, focuses on/is focused on, investigates (some of the problems faced by …) etc.


For example: The item stresses the necessity of discussing the further common actions against Iraq at the nearest session of the Security Council.

The survey focuses on the continuous and increasing popularity among Britons of the package holiday, and discusses which destinations appear to be the favourites of British holiday-makers.


Supporting part


Then you pass on to the main part of your report, giving all kinds of facts, supporting or controversial, different opinions on the problem and important details to present an all-round idea.


You can put it like this. Further on the article passes on to all kinds of details connected with the problem, or it goes on to say that, it passes on to …


Mind, that you should arrange your report logically, so that it would be easy to follow it. To numerate the events (people, facts, etc) use:

One, ….. another, …. still another

On the one hand … on the other hand,  alternatively

First(ly), second(ly), third(ly) and finally …

Then, afterwards, consequently

Another issue (the news report looks at) is …

The next issue the article features is …


To refer to the opinion of a politician or public figure or whoever you want to cite use:

From the point of view of …, According to Mr. Blair …

If you are quoting somebody, first give the exact words and then mention the source, for example: “…” - Itar Tass quoted Putin as saying or “…” - Reuters quoted Tony Blair as saying. Or:  The French daily Le Monde, which first broke news of the probe last week, cited  Total’s former head of operations Jean-Michel Tournier as saying that the company had used a Geneva-based  firm to funnel bribes to “certain beneficiaries” in return for gaining access to reserves in Russia and Iraq.


To express joining, similar ideas use: also, in addition to, what is more, furthermore, moreover, besides (this).


For example: Twenty people were killed and thirty-five seriously wounded as a result of the latest blast in Jerusalem. Besides (what is more, moreover, besides this) great damage was caused to the historic part of the city.


To join the contrasting ideas use:  however, on the other hand, nevertheless, although, in spite of the fact (that), despite the fact (that), yet, but.

For example:  The UN Security Council insists that the major decision on Iraq be taken only after the work of the international team of weapon inspectors. However USA threaten to start a military campaign against the country, claiming Saddam violates all the recent resolutions concerning the development and storage of nuclear weapons.

Or: It’s a dangerous yet (but) very rewarding approach to the problem in case of success.


To give the report a touch of personal opinion you can use the following discourse markers:  basically, obviously, likely, generally speaking, fortunately, hopefully, actually, naturally, evidently.


For example: The new investigation of the death of Princess Diana and Mr. Fayed, led by Sir John Stevens, will hopefully explore the various conspiracy theories and give the right answers both to the public and relatives.


Or if you want to express your own idea on the events go for:  I personally think;  I’d say …; If you are interested what my idea is, I recon …; I am of the strong opinion that …


For example: I personally think that the easier entry visa procedures to France and Italy will benefit the expansion of economic, cultural and  educational relations between Russia and these European countries.


Closing part


You can finish up with a summary statement, possible effects and consequences or predictions of future course of actions. The best expressions to be used here are: all in all, in conclusion, summing up, finally, the item ends up stating/claiming that….


For example:  Summing up (finally, in conclusion, consequently) the article states that history repeats itself and that unless urgent measures are taken there will be no peace in this part of the world.


Please remember that a news report differs from a story in many ways. It gives facts and opinions, which are supported by details and statistics whereas a story has a personal and chatty style. Passive voice is frequently used along with citations and references to other people’s opinions.